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The purpose of this training manual with attached curriculum is to present a learning experience for the members of Heritage Bible Church in which they will broaden their understanding of biblical forgiveness; learn to distinguish between hurts arising from the intentional, sinful actions of others and those occurring from amoral life experiences; discern when biblical forgiveness is called for; understand the need to go beyond merely speaking words of forgiveness to seeking reconciliation; and develop skills for reducing hurts that fracture personal relationships.

Hurts from personal conflicts lessen the joy of the Christian walk. Additionally, everyone has been impacted by hurts that come simply from living in a fallen world. Sometimes hurts come about by the sinful attitudes and actions of others and, at other times, by actions or events that are not the result of a sinful act. While the hurt from these two occasions may feel the same, the path to resolution may be different. Christians often fail to distinguish between these two types of hurts, making repairing relationships more difficult.

Heritage Bible Church is a small, non-denominational ministry founded in 2001 in Tulsa, Oklahoma. This new congregation and I, its new pastor, both brought experiences of conflict from the recent past. The attached group learning experience will direct the Heritage Bible Church adult Sunday school class in a study of biblical forgiveness. The desired outcome is a biblical foundation for forgiveness that issues forth in both motivation and skills for restoring fractured relationships and reducing hurts that damage or destroy relationships.

This paper contains three major sections. The first section lays a contextual and theological foundation for the training manual. It overviews three popular models of forgiveness found in contemporary Christian writings and evaluates these models through a study of relevant biblical passages. The second section describes the intended learning outcomes, teaching design, and method for assessment. The third section is an appendix presenting the curriculum completed by the participants of Heritage Bible Church.

Theological Mentor: Kurt Fredrickson, DMin

Degree Name

Doctor of Ministry (DMin)

First Advisor

Fredrickson, Kurt

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Heritage Bible Church (Tulsa, Okla.); Forgiveness; Forgiveness of sin; Reconciliation


Missions and World Christianity


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