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Anush John

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The goal of this study is to present a theory of evangelism that offers strategies and methods for effective evangelism among first- and second-generation Hindu Indian immigrants in America.

Many first-generation Indians maintain their cultural and religious exclusivity and identity, even in a predominantly Christian culture. However, the second-generation Indians struggle to maintain their identity as they try to balance being Indian at home and American outside. The result is usually a vacillating nature - willing to be inclusive in certain cultural habits but exclusive in others, willing to adopt American cultural practices but maintaining their Indian religious identity. Thus, it has been extremely difficult to make a credible spiritual impact in the lives of first- or second-generation Indian immigrants.

The first part of this paper looks at the two generations of Indian cultures – that of the first generation1 and that of the second generation2. The first generation tends to maintain most of their “Indian-ness” – culturally and religiously. The second generation has a unique culture – one that is partly Indian and partly American. The first generation usually holds strong religious beliefs, having been raised in India. The second generation holds mixed beliefs and is more open to the postmodern tolerance of all religions. The American church has had a decreased spiritual influence on both the first and second generation in varying degrees. This section analyzes the reasons for this lack of influence. A brief overview of Hinduism is given.

The second part of this paper looks at the biblical and theological foundations of evangelism. Core biblical topics and post-modernism and its relevance to both the first-and second-generation Indians in the postmodern era are discussed. These diverse topics have evangelism as their common thread. Each topic is, therefore, studied as related to evangelism.

In the third section, the understanding of the two Indian cultures is used to develop strategies and methods for evangelism among first- and second-generation Hindu Indians in America.

Theological Mentor: George Oommen


1 Those Indians that migrated to America from India.

2 Those Indians that were born in America to Indian parents.

Degree Name

Doctor of Ministry (DMin)

First Advisor

Oommen, George

Document Type





Hindus; Hindu converts; Church work with immigrants; Hindu diaspora; Evangelistic work; Missions to Hindus.


Missions and World Christianity


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