Contextualizing the Messenger: Transforming the World


Rabih Sabra

Publication Date



This dissertation is a study of how to measure effectiveness of a transformational community among the Druze. The concepts are transferable to other contexts. Social Network analysis is used to conceptualize and measure dynamics of contextualization and transformation in small groups that make up the transformational community.

The study begins by identifying positions and roles of leadership in an ideal Druze community. The profiles of these positions and roles are then compared to positions and roles of individuals and relationships within small groups of the transformational community using structural equivalence analysis. The greater the occurrence of leadership profiles among the small groups the greater their contextualization index (CI) scores were compared with the diameter of the small group network. Results show a 90% correlation between CI and group diameter indicating a positive correlation between contextualization and how far the transformational community is reaching into an ideal Druze community. This is interpreted as a measure of effectiveness.

Similarly, a Transformation Index (TI) is calculated for each small group based on the answers to a questionnaire that evaluates relationships within the group. Unlike CI, no correlation was found between TI scores and diameter of small groups.

This measurement protocol can be adapted to different contexts depending on the leadership profiles that are discernible. Effectiveness is measured based on relational dynamics and not on numbers in attendance or growth in membership. This is a significant departure from traditional studies that usually consider individual attributes but overlook relational dynamics.

Mentor: Wilbert R. Shenk

Degree Name

Doctor of Intercultural Studies (DIS)

First Advisor

Shenk, Wilbert R.

Document Type





Druzes, Lebanon


Missions and World Christianity


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