A Multidimensional Model of Religion and Spirituality in Positive Youth Development
Although spirituality and religion are linked to positive youth development (PYD), few studies have examined how religion and spirituality interact during adolescence. Drawing from developmental systems theory (DST), the current study investigated whether single dimensional models of religion and spirituality maybe improved by a multidimensional model that tested how fidelity and transcendence may mediate the influence of religious attendance on indicators of positive development. This model was hypothesized to affect prosocial behavior and social competencies in the lives of 272 Mexican youth. The model was tested using the bootstrapping procedure process. Fidelity and transcendence mediated the relationship between religious attendance and prosocial behavior. Fidelity mediated the religious attendance-social competencies relationship. Religious affiliation by religious attendance was not a significant moderator the prior models. These findings are discussed in light of prior PYD research: specifically considering the potential for spirituality and religion to illuminate how individual variables interact with external variables.
Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (PhD)
King, Pamela E.
Youth, Religious life, Adolescent psychology, Spirituality