Title

Virtue and Character Development in Adolescents: The Relationship Among Self-Control, Patience, and Religion

Publication Date

6-2014

Abstract

One distinct area of virtue development where the fields of psychology and religion intersect is the relation between religiousness and the virtues of self-regulation and patience. This study builds upon the strength model of self-regulation, which posits that self-control, a distinct aspect of self-regulatory behavior, is a domain independent resource that can be depleted through use but also be increased through habitual practice, much like a muscle is exhausted through exercise but grows stronger over time (Baumeister, Vohs, & Tice, 2007). Although previous studies have focused on self-control and patience with adults, few studies have researched these instrumental virtues in adolescents. In this study, researchers surveyed 342 adolescents, from private and charter schools. Of this sample, 59.6% were female and 65% identified as Protestant Christian. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 intervention conditions: Daily Scheduling, Non-Dominant Hand, or Social Reappraisal. They were asked to rate their intervention activities as successful, enjoyable, and difficult. They were also prompted to identify their God concept. Findings indicated that when adolescents in the non-dominant hand condition rated their activities as high in success, they increased in regulatory behavior. Surprisingly, the daily schedule tracking intervention condition, which was supposed to serve as a study control, resulted in increased patience when ratings were high in success. God concept was found to be a significant moderator of self-control related to temptation resistance, which was consistent with previous studies’ findings.

First Advisor

Schnitker, Sarah A.

Date Uploaded

10-10-2018

Collection Number

Psych0371E

Document Type

Dissertation

File Name

Blews_fuller.psych_0371E_10131

Language

English

Keywords

Personality development, Virtue, Theological virtues, Teenagers, Patience, Self-control in adolescence

Disciplines

Psychology

Rights

Material hosted by ProQuest subject to copyright

Comments

This was uploaded by the David Allan Hubbard Library from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (ProQuest). If there are any mistakes in this record, please contact archives@fuller.edu.

ProQuest URL

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1765414294/fulltextPDF/AE94933CFB334211PQ/1?accountid=11008

Upload File

wf_no

Embargo Period

10-10-2018

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