Screening for Mild Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults
The need for brief measures to accurately detect prodromal indications of Alzheimer's disease, or Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is paramount. The current study compared the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) in detecting individuals with MCI. The study included 90 older adult participants: 60 cognitively healthy controls and 30 individuals with MCI. Binary Logistic Regression and Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analyses indicate the MoCA is superior to the MMSE in detecting MCI. A lower MoCA cutoff score (<24) provides greater sensitivity and specificity than the original norms (<26). In a subscale analysis, the delayed recall items on the MoCA demonstrate the greatest diagnostic utility. Implications for cognitive screening in older adults are presented.
Amano, Stacy S.
Mild cognitive impairment, Older people, Mental health, Psychological testing
Material hosted by ProQuest subject to copyright