Predictors of Treatment Outcomes and Treatment Dropout for Children and Adolescents: Examining the Role of Demographic and Treatment Characteristics
The presence of behavioral and emotional problems in children and adolescents can have far reaching implications for the children, their futures, and those they interact with (Deighton et al., 2016). Evidence-based practices (EBPs) are effective in addressing the symptoms and general functioning of children and adolescents impacted by behavioral and emotional problems (Deighton et al., 2016). However, a variety of client demographic characteristics and treatment factors influence the duration and outcome of mental health treatment (de Graaf, Speetjens, Smit, de Wolff, & Tavecchio, 2008). These demographic factors are associated with predicting treatment outcomes and dropout for children and adolescents (de Haan, Boon, Vermeiren, Hoeve, & de Jong, 2015; Walrath, Ybarra, & Holden, 2006). The current study was designed to identify the factors associated with predicting treatment outcome and dropout among children and adolescents that received services from one of the three evidence-based practices through a community mental health facility in the greater Los Angeles area. Significant differences between treatment modalities and dropout were revealed. There was also a significant relationship between symptom severity and dropout. Additionally, child age and diagnostic classification significantly predicted outcome. This study contributes to the existing body of literature in identifying child treatment outcomes and dropout predictors in the context of specific evidence-based practices.
Clements, Mari L.
Children, Adolescence, Behavioral assessment, Treatment, dropouts
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