Title

Self-Compassion and Self-Coldness: Effects on Psychological Well-Being and Distress in Cultural Context

Publication Date

4-2020

Abstract

Self-compassion has been found to be beneficial for both increasing an individual’s well-being and alleviating distress. Recent literature has suggested that the positive subscales of self-compassion (self-compassion) and the negative subscales of self-compassion (self-coldness) are two factors that have unique relationships with well-being and psychopathology. In Western contexts, self-compassion has been found to relate more strongly to well-being, while self-coldness has been found to relate more strongly to psychopathology. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether these unique relationships can be observed across cultural contexts. I compared samples of university students in the United States (US; n = 165) and Hong Kong (HK; n = 141). I found that self-compassion and self-coldness may relate to each other differently based on the cultural contexts. For the US, I found that self-coldness and self-compassion are negatively related to each other and that self-coldness more strongly predicts decreased well-being and increased distress. For HK, I found evidence that self-compassion and self-coldness may be orthogonal, and that self-compassion and self-coldness had more balanced effects on well-being and distress. Future research in Chinese cultural contexts would benefit from utilizing two factor structure to examine the benefits of self-compassion. Further research on how these relationships may differ across Asian contexts is needed.

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (PhD)

First Advisor

Fung, Joey

Document Type

Dissertation

Language

English

Keywords

Self-compassion, Self-coldness, Well-being, Wellbeing, Mental health, Distress, Chinese culture, Compassion, Quality of life

Disciplines

Clinical Psychology

Comments

Public Access: If you attend a college or university, you may be granted access for free through your school library subscription to ProQuest Theses & Dissertations. Copies may be available for purchase via ProQuest Dissertations Publishing https://dissexpress.proquest.com/search.html

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Embargo Period

6-17-2020

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