Emotion Socialization and Wellbeing: Exploring Emotion Regulation as Mechanisms of Change Among Asian and Latinx American Youth
In the present study, I examined the relation between parental emotion socialization (of sadness and anger) and adolescent wellbeing among 147 Asian and Latinx American youth (mean age = 13.98, SD = 0.36). I also examined whether various emotion regulation strategies (avoidance fusion, expressive suppression, and rumination) may mediate that relation. Punitive emotion socialization of children’s sadness was associated with increased internalizing problems, whereas punitive emotion socialization of anger was related to greater internalizing and externalizing problems. In terms of the mediation, avoidance and rumination significantly mediated the relation between punitive emotion socialization of sadness and anger and youth internalizing behaviors. Avoidance also mediated the relation between punitive emotion socialization of sadness and externalizing behaviors. Finally, there was a significant indirect effect between punitive emotion socialization of anger and internalizing behaviors via suppression. Cultural significance and meaning of these results are discussed, as well as implications for teaching effective emotion regulation skills.
Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (PhD)
Parental emotion socialization; Emotion regulation; Adolescent wellbeing; Avoidance fusion; Expressive suppression; Rumination; Internalizing problems; Externalizing problems; Culture; Asian; Hispanic Americans, Latino Americans; Adolescence; Emotions