Title

Belonging or Becoming? The Role of Religious Participation in Emerging Adult Identity Formation and Empathy

Publication Date

7-2016

Abstract

Although theoretical arguments have been made for the positive influence of religious participation in identity formation, this relationship has received little empirical attention. This study examined a unique group of emerging adults (ages 19 to 33) who are active participants in religious communities, and the possible influence of religious participation on identity development and empathy. In a sample of emerging adults (N = 158), identity statuses indicative of low exploration (i.e., foreclosure and diffusion) were related to lower empathy toward others and higher self-oriented empathy. Participation in religious communities with greater ideological emphases was negatively associated with the identity statuses of moratorium and diffusion, whereas religious communities characterized by close relationships were positively associated with foreclosure and diffusion. Results demonstrate that characteristics of religious communities relate to emerging adult empathy levels through their relationships with low exploration identity variables. Findings suggest the potential protective factors of religious communities for emerging adults with lower levels of identity exploration. Future areas of research are discussed in light of these outcomes.

First Advisor

Furrow, James L.

Date Uploaded

10-24-2018

Collection Number

Psych0371E

Document Type

Dissertation

File Name

Varnell_fuller.psych_0371E_10169

Language

English

Keywords

Adulthood, Young adults, Empathy, Identity, Spiritual formation

Disciplines

Psychology

Rights

Material hosted by ProQuest subject to copyright

Comments

This was uploaded by the David Allan Hubbard Library from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (ProQuest). If there are any mistakes in this record, please contact archives@fuller.edu.

ProQuest URL

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1897030056/7564F83F18364F1FPQ/1?accountid=11008

Upload File

wf_no

Embargo Period

10-24-2018

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