Attachment and Cognitive Openness: Emotional Underpinnings of Intellectual Humility
In an increasingly global world characterized by an expanding diversity of ideas and values, the ability to listen and to understand a differing viewpoint is a crucial virtue, one in which the future flourishing of humanity may rest. Some have called this virtue intellectual humility (IH; Samuelson, Church, Jarvinen, & Paulus, 2013). The present study fills an important gap in the current literature about IH by investigating how an understanding of emotion, emotion regulation, and attachment are crucial to understanding IH, particularly in the arena in which IH matters most: heated interpersonal disagreement. The primary aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between attachment orientation (both primed and self-reported attachment disposition) and cognitive openness—an indication of IH. Specifically, this research found that participants primed in a secure attachment condition demonstrated significantly greater cognitive openness to counterevidence with regard to (a)theistic belief than those in an ambivalent priming condition. Further, those exhibiting a secure trait-like attachment orientation exhibited significantly higher trait openness than those categorized as avoidant.
Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (PhD)
Barrett, Justin L.
Cognition, Emotions and cognition, Humility, Attachment behavior