Measuring Spirituality via the Behavioral Congruence Model: Development and Initial Validation of the Central Object Questionnaire
This study developed a measure of behavioral congruence (i.e., the Central Object Questionnaire; COQ) in order to address some potential limitations of how many existing measures related to spirituality have been developed in the past. A focus group and online survey phase were used to test the content and construct validity of the items and subscales. General Least Squares Analysis was used to find the final thirteen items that were used in tests of reliability and validity of the COQ. Internal consistency was found to be strong (Cronbach’s alpha = .87) and convergent validity was statistically significant between the COQ and the other measures of spirituality included in the study. Though more development is needed, this initial validation study indicated that the COQ, in its current form, performs with similar psychometric strength as the other popular spirituality measures included in this study while at the same time including some of the conceptual and methodological differences that were identified as beneficial to the advancement of spirituality measurement.
Behavioral assessment, Spirituality, Spiritual life
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