Adolescent Religious Coping, Adolescent Religious Support, and Emotional Functioning: A Prospective Analysis
The potential unique main effects of, and interactions between, religious coping strategies and received religious support were examined regarding adolescent emotional functioning both cross-sectionally and prospectively. Religious support was generally associated with better emotional functioning, as predicted, with the exception that support from religious leaders was unexpectedly linked prospectively with less life satisfaction. Religious coping was also significantly related to emotional functioning at every level of analysis. As hypothesized, positive God-focused coping and constructive distraction were related to adaptive functioning, but these relatively weak effects were not maintained in more conservative analyses. Unexpectedly, seeking religious support was uniquely linked with more depressive symptoms cross-sectionally at Time 2 and prospectively. Also contrary to hypotheses, interactions between religious coping and religious support were generally nonsignificant with only two interpretable exceptions. Collectively, findings suggested that religious support and religious coping are both relevant to religious adolescents’ emotional functioning, but that these constructs might more likely function additively and/or via mediation versus interaction. Implications for the results and directions for future research are discussed.
Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (PhD)
Bjorck, Jeffrey P.
Adjustment, Adjustment in adolescence, Interpersonal relations in adolescence, Personality in adolescence, Adolescent psychology