Parental Support, Religious Support, Gender, and Adolescent Emotional Functioning
The potential effects of gender, parental support, and received religious support on emotional functioning were examined in adolescent Protestants ( N = 279). Given the well-known effects of gender and parental support on emotional functioning, religious support was the primary focus. Cross-sectional relationships were examined both at Time 1 and six months later at Time 2. Canonical analyses assessing unique variance revealed that even after controlling for the effects of parental support, gender, religious attendance, and the importance of religiousness and spirituality, received religious support remained significantly related to adaptive emotional functioning at both Time 1 and 2. Next, longitudinal analyses revealed that, even after controlling Time 1 criteria, the relationship between religious support and adaptive emotional functioning at Time 2 remained significant. Finally, prospective analyses assessed the effects of Time 1 variables on Time 2 emotional functioning, controlling for Time 1 emotional functioning. Time 1 religious support was significantly related to Time 2 Life Satisfaction. Results are discussed in terms of the relevance of religious support as a resource for religious adolescents in the context of their faith community.
Parent and teenager, Adolescence, Adolescent psychology, Teenagers, Mental health
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