Internet Pornography Users Versus Abstainers: Demographic, Affective, and Religious Distinctives
Religiousness may be a protective factor against Internet pornography (IP) use. However, given that many religious people report using IP in spite of the inconsistency with their beliefs, this study proposes to use archival data collected in 2012 to assess demographic, religious, and emotional factors that differentiate religious non-users and users. This study built upon Cser and Bjorck (2016) by reexamining their variables with a new and larger sample to test for replication of those findings. Furthermore, this study compared non-users and users on religious support, shame-proneness, guilt-proneness, and loneliness. After establishing exclusion criteria, participants were drawn from 623 female and 335 male Protestant undergraduate students (N = 958) who voluntarily completed anonymous online surveys. Bivariate correlations and both multivariate (MANOVA) and univariate (ANOVA) analyses of variance were employed to analyze differences between IP abstainers and users on gender, age, spirituality, sexual activity, Internet use, religious support, shame, guilt, and emotional functioning. Findings are discussed in terms of theoretical development and directions for future research.
Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology (PhD)
Internet pornography, Internet, Spiritual life