The “Exodus” in Jerusalem (Luke 9:31): A Lukan Form of Israel’s Restoration Hope


W. Gil Shin

Publication Date



This study is a search for a specific form of Israel’s restoration hope that underlies Luke’s unique portrait of Jesus’ transfiguration and his framing of Heilsgeschichte as reflected in his narrative. It identifies a method of internarrativity, which focuses on the intertextual relations of a basic story form in terms of its two interfaces: (1) Luke’s narrative and Israel’s scriptural traditions and (2) Luke’s narrative world and the “real” world that the narrative is believed to represent. This approach attends to a story form captured in Exodus 15, which is found varyingly but coherently in the scriptural traditions where the motif of exodus and Zion intersect. This basic story form provides the substructure that frames Luke’s notion of new exodus, underlying both the allusions in the transfiguration account, particularly the phrase “the exodus he will accomplish in Jerusalem” (9:31), and the narrative portrait of redemptive history in the rest of Luke-Acts. The presence of this substructure implies that Luke’s form of the new exodus hope is better understood in terms not just of the Deuteronomic model or of the Isaianic model but of the more fundamental framework of the Exodus 15 pattern.

The Exodus 15 pattern consists of three major elements: (1) the immediate link between God’s salvation and his leading the saved into a sanctuary-like destination, (2) the emphasis on God’s exclusive saving action, associated with the apophatic nature of the consequent destination, and (3) the complex character of the destination. This story pattern elucidates the intriguing allusive relations within the transfiguration account in that major allusive elements therein – each of which is linked to a specific notion of Israel’s restoration hope and which are seen in aggregate as framing the entire transfiguration scene in line with the Exodus 15 pattern. This pattern also explains how Luke addresses the issues of the temple and circumcision vis-à-vis the newly emerging salvation in Jesus as the Davidic Messiah and is further confirmed by the way it explains the thorny issue of Luke’s ambivalence toward the temple and Jerusalem.

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Theology (PhD in Theology)

First Advisor

Green, Joel B.

Document Type





Exodus, Luke, Criticism, Interpretation


Missions and World Christianity


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