Title

“Hear, Lord, a Righteous Cause:” Psalms 15–18, 20–21 as a Ritual for the Protection and Blessing of the King

Author

Joel T. Hamme

Publication Date

4-2014

Abstract

Joel Hamme argues that Pss 15-18, 20-21 was a ritual of protection and blessing for the king. He surveys earlier scholarly approaches to the reconstruction of royal ritual in the Psalms, and argues that they have two weaknesses: 1) They are based on faulty ancient Near Eastern comparative data from the Akitu, and 2) they are too subjective, as there are no objective controls by which to decide which psalms or are to be included in the ritual reconstruction, or the order that they would occur in. He argues for a new empirical model for the reconstruction of royal ritual in the Psalter based upon the incorporation of a small DINGIR.ŠA.DIB.BA ritual prayer collection (prayers to reconcile with a personal deity) and a short maqlû ritual (an anti-witchcraft ritual) into the royal ritual bît rimki, "house of the ritual bath." By an observation of incipits in ritual tablets, and the transmission of the ritual prayers and incantations separate from them, the study discovers two things: 1) the prayers and rituals were transmitted separately from the ritual tablets in the same sequence that they occurred in the ritual. 2) The prayers and rituals were used in non-royal contexts and then secondarily used in the new royal context. Based upon the empirical model, Hamme interprets Pss 15-18, 20-21 as a royal ritual for the protection and blessing of the king. Psalms 15-17 is a protestation of righteousness in which the king argues that the LORD should protect him and destroy his enemies, because he has scrupulously observed the statutes and ordinances of the LORD. Psalm 18 is the center of the ritual, in which the king gives thanks for the LORD's deliverance and victory over his enemies in the past, based upon the king's righteousness. Psalms 20-21 is a priestly response to the king, in which the king is assured that the LORD has accepted his offerings, and will answer in the day of trouble again. Psalm 19, rather than a part of the ritual, is a later interpretive expansion to Ps 18.

Degree Name

PHD in Theology

First Advisor

Allen, Leslie C.

Date Uploaded

12-10-2018

Collection Number

ATS1643E

Document Type

Dissertation

File Name

Hamme_fuller.ats_1643E_10034

Language

English

Keywords

Bible, Psalms, Ritual in literature, Judaism, Liturgy

Disciplines

Missions and World Christianity

Rights

Material hosted by ProQuest subject to copyright

Comments

This was uploaded by the David Allan Hubbard Library from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (ProQuest). If there are any mistakes in this record, please contact archives@fuller.edu.

ProQuest URL

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1554345859/4451982AF9C04971PQ/1?accountid=11008

Upload File

wf_no

Embargo Period

12-10-2018

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