Religious Support and Emotional Functioning in India Across Three Major Religions
Relationships between faith (Hindu, Christian, and Muslim), religious support, life satisfaction, and depression were assessed among 511 university students in India. As hypothesized, the three-scale structure of the Multi-Faith Religious Support Scale (MFRSS) was supported across religious groups. For Christians, God Support and Religious Participant Support related to higher levels of life satisfaction even after controlling for general social support. For Muslims, God Support was linked to less depression as expected, but contrary to hypotheses, the effect did not remain significant after controlling for general social support. For Hindus, the three aspects of the MFRSS did not relate to emotional functioning, suggesting that religious support might not be a significant resource regarding emotional functioning for this faith group. Hypothesized group differences were found regarding religious support, with Christians reporting the most God Support and Religious Participant Support and Hindus reporting the least. Overall, the results suggested that religious support functioned differently for each religious group in India, with greatest relevance for Christians and least for Hindus. Cultural variations that may have contributed to the results were discussed, as well as implications for the findings and future directions for research.
PSYD in Clinical Psychology
Emotions, College students, Hindu, Christian, Muslim, India
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