Title

Whose Spirituality? Investigating Modes of Self-Construal in Spirituality Measures Through Content Analysis

Publication Date

6-2014

Abstract

Cross-referencing the construct of spirituality with developing understandings of self-construal (Brewer & Chen, 2007; Brewer & Gardner, 1996), the present study uses latent content analysis to categorize over 400 items drawn from measures of spirituality in order to answer a central question: Has the construct of spirituality been historically represented in experimental study as a more individual, relational, or collective phenomenon? Three raters were trained to independently and blindly categorize encountered items from popular spirituality measures into 1 of 4 groups based on the self-construal categories delineated by Brewer and Gardner (1996): individualistic (I), relational (R), collective (C), or other (X). After completing 3 pilot content analyses, each aiming to ensure interrater agreement, a primary content analysis was conducted on 405 items that were categorized as I, R, C, or X by each independent rater. Results suggest that items involved in these spirituality measures are overwhelmingly individualistic (71.8%) and only secondarily relational (14.8%). Only 9.9% of the items were rated as collective and a remaining 3.5% were categorized in the category reserved for items not apparently fitting into a self-construal category (X). Interrater agreement was measured using Fleiss’ kappa, which yielded a rating of .73. This is generally considered good to excellent agreement (Neuendorff, 2002). Changes in self-construal representation among items from spirituality measures published at different historical times are also assessed, self-construal representations for each analyzed measure, and implications for further cross-cultural and experimentally consistent research are explored.

Degree Name

PSYD in Clinical Psychology

First Advisor

Kim, Seong-Hyeon

Date Uploaded

11-26-2018

Collection Number

Psych0371E

Document Type

Dissertation

File Name

Strenger_fuller.psych_0371E_10150

Language

English

Keywords

Spirituality, Psychology, Self-perception

Disciplines

Psychology

Rights

Material hosted by ProQuest subject to copyright

Comments

This was uploaded by the David Allan Hubbard Library from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (ProQuest). If there are any mistakes in this record, please contact archives@fuller.edu.

ProQuest URL

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1800541681/367AF8E9286043F7PQ/1?accountid=11008

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wf_no

Embargo Period

11-26-2018

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