Barriers to Professional Help-Seeking Among Korean Americans: Acculturation, Stigma, and Attitudes
The present study examined the relation between the three factors of acculturation, stigma, and attitudes toward seeking professional help on willingness to seek counseling among a sample of sixty Korean Americans living in the United States. It was hypothesized that higher levels of acculturation and more positive attitudes toward seeking professional help would be positively related to willingness to seek counseling, whereas higher levels of reported stigma would be negatively related to willingness to seek counseling. The results of the present study revealed no significant relationships between levels of acculturation as well as stigma, with willingness to seek counseling. A significant positive relationship was found between positive attitudes toward seeking professional help and willingness to seek counseling. Exploratory, correlational analyses among all four measures used also revealed a significant negative relationship between levels of stigma and attitudes toward seeking professional help. Implications for barriers to professional help-seeking among Korean Americans are discussed. For example, acculturation and perceived public stigma may not be as relevant to Korean Americans as for other Asian groups. Additionally, community-based interventions may be used to address negative attitudes toward seeking professional help.
Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology (PsyD)
Korean Americans, Cultural assimilation, Stigma, Social psychology, Shame